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Computer Studies is relevant for all students because it incorporates a broad range of transferable skills and techniques, including logical thinking, and creativity.
• Computer Studies teaches generically useful skills in such areas as communication, time management, organization, and teamwork.
Principles and procedures
Learners need to develop skills to help them learn. Skills development should happen as a part of learners’ learning experiences and the learning and practicing of skills needs to occur in the context of units being taught.
Learning of Skills tends to be most effective when:
• learners go from the known to the unknown
• learners understand why it is necessary to gain mastery of specific skills
• skills are developed sequentially at increasing levels of difficulty
• learners identify and analyse the components of the skill
• there are frequent opportunities for practice and immediate feedback possibly frequent use of computer or computer embedded gadgets or tools.
• the skills being taught are varied in terms of amount and type, according to the needs and ability of learners
To teach skills effectively, a teacher needs to include learning activities that span from teacher-directed to student-centred learning, use groups of different sizes ranging from the whole class to small groups and use a range of teaching strategies which use higher-order skills as learners’ progress.
Teaching and Learning Strategies for Computer Studies
Teaching and learning strategies for Computer Studies shall include:
Brainstorming – to stimulate creative thinking, Consequence charts – Cause and effect approach, Classroom displays (focuses on the current unit), Charts, Diagrams, Evaluation, Discussion, Guest speaker or visitor, educational tours and visits, Models, Photographs and pictures, Presentations, Problem solving – Learners are involved in identifying and working towards solutions, Reflective learning – thinking about what has been learnt, Research – to think of the questions you want learners to answer.
Understand and apply requirements of Computer Studies ethics and security:
Learners are expected to be competent in applying the new knowledge so acquired in advancing their daily lives of those of others. They should be able to use computer related software, gadgets and appliances without difficulty. They should also be able to understand the language that is normally used in computing.
Awareness of the risks of using the computer is also important at this level. Software and hardware security is also of great importance at this level.
Share their knowledge and skills through the internet:
The Internet is a very powerful media o communication nowadays. After learning CS leaners should be able to find useful information using the Internet. They should also be aware of the dangers of using the Internet. The correct use of email addresses for formal communications purposes is vital and. Collaborate and share knowledge and ideas with others.
Create posters and other advertisement materials for the school events:
Leaners are expected to be conversant in using multimedia software at this level of education. Learners should be able to correctly use word processing and presentation software.
Carry out a simple Computer related project:
To enhance their understanding at this level learners will be expected to carry out simple computer related projects either in word processing or multimedia of computing.
Throughout the course the minimum recommended Operating System (OS) is Microsoft Windows 7 ®. Microsoft Office 2007 ® or later versions will also be assumed for use to demonstrate Word processing (Word), Spread sheets (Excel), Presentation (PowerPoint), Desktop Publishing (Publisher) and Multimedia.
Computer Studies (CSt) syllabus offers a wide perspective of the subject. It is not restricted to computers but rather usage and application of a variety of technologies and its impact on society. The nature of the CSt subject is such that it will best be learnt within the context of application. As such, activities that replicate real life should form an integral part of the teaching and learning methodologies. CSt is meant to prepare learners for the world of work, further education within the discipline and simply lifelong application of technology. Since CSt is extremely dynamic and also significantly always impacting on the way we live, learners should be encouraged to grapple with its complexities if they are to become competitive citizens in today’s globalised world.
It is suggested that individual and/or group work/ or homework be given to learners to do during their spare time or prep. The computer laboratory may be open to learners to do their assignments. However learners should never be left alone in the computer laboratory especially when it involves searching for information from the Internet. The teacher should try by all means to desist learners from visiting offensive websites.
The indicator of the achievement of these General outcomes will be based on acquisition of the skills through Assessment of the learner’s competence on both theory and practical outcomes. The sequence of the syllabus does not necessarily dictate the order in which topics are to be taught.